How to improve your grades in college

Effective methods to improve your memory
“Memory is the treasury and guardian of all things and is the most powerful weapon.”

So, is it possible to improve your memory? If you’ve ever found yourself forgetting where you left your mobile or blanking out information on necessary tests, you probably wish that your mind was a bit better. Genetics plays a role in memory loss. However, research has shown that diet and lifestyle have a significant impact on memory too.
Here are nine scientifically proved and evidence-based tips to increase your memory naturally

  1. Make time for Meditation.
    Meditation calms down our body and mind and helps us to think precisely. Research suggests meditation may increase grey matter in the brain and improve spatial working memory. If You can’t meditate, then close your eyes and start back-counting from 1000-1.
  2. Focus Your attention
    Pay attention while studying, and try to avoid distractions. At first, its a bit tough, but through practice, you will be able to acquire it.
  3. Visualize Concepts
    An experiment shows that if we visually perceive anything, then it remains in our brain for long. So, try to make mnemonics and figures while studying or working.
  4. Take breaks in between and get adequate sleep.
    The brain is similar to a machine. So, please give it some rest to increase its efficiency. Research has shown that taking a nap after learning something new can help you learn faster and remember better.
  5. Rehearse and relate new information to things that You already know
    Revision plays a vital role in recalling stuff readily. By establishing relationships between new ideas and previously existing memories, you can dramatically increase the likelihood of remembering the recently learned information.
  6. Eat a balanced diet
    Your diet plays an essential role in improving your memory. Eat less added sugar, avoid spicy and oily food. Eat green veggies, fruits, and milk as much as possible. Research has shown that almonds nourish the white matter in our brain, and Vitamin D is also an essential nutrient that plays many vital roles in the body.
    Low levels of vitamin D have been linked to a host of health issues, including a reduction in cognitive function. Consuming a diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods may help improve your memory.
    1. Exercise
      Exercise brings incredible benefits for your whole body, including your brain. Even moderate exercise for short periods has been shown to improve cognitive performance, including memory, across all age groups. Obesity is a risk factor for cognitive decline. Maintaining a body mass index within the normal range may help you avoid a host of obesity issues, including an imperfect memory.
    2. Train Your brain
      Exercising your cognitive skills by playing brain games like chess, crosswords, Soduku, etc. is a fun and effective way to boost your memory. Games that challenge your brain may strengthen your mind and may even reduce the risk of dementia.
      1. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
        Alcohol and tobacco have neurotoxic effects on the brain, including reducing memory performance. Occasional moderate drinking isn’t an issue, but binge drinking can damage your hippocampus, a key area of your brain associated with memory.

Edumanta provides a mentor who can guide You in a better way.

What Assignment help play critical role.

           What is the importance of an assignment?

The first thing that comes to our mind when we hear about the assignment is that it is a complete waste of time. Writing assignment is something, which is almost disliked by every individual reading this blog. However, this concept is entirely wrong. Teachers deliver the necessary knowledge and information to students, which helps them understand the topics related to various subjects. As a teacher, it is not acceptable behavior to present everything to their students and pamper them. This effectively harms the learning competencies of students, and thus education becomes meaningless to them. Therefore, with the help of assignments and homework, students are expected to learn at home. Many of us might still question why we are given assignments, and what is the primary purpose behind it?

Well, let me tell you some positive aspects of an assignment.
• It helps You to invest your time wisely.
• It allows You to explore more topics in-depth, which standard classroom time doesn’t permit.
• It helps to maintain continuity in your studies and provides an excellent medium to revise your subjects before the exam.
• Teaches you to work independently and to take responsibility for your work.
• It helps you deal with deadlines in a real-life scenario and teaches You to use your time effectively by building a proper schedule.
• It lets you learn how to use tools such as E-books, research materials, and computer software to find knowledge and implement it smartly.
• Teaches You to implement your knowledge outside the book
• It gives You a feel for your real exam and trains you to do better in the
• The primary purpose of assignments is to increase the learning capabilities of students. The more we use our brains, the more they develop. This is a proven scientific fact, and this is the principle behind giving extremely creative and involving assignments to the students. Students learn a lot more when they read or practice something by themselves.

If you still think that assignment is a total waste of time, then its time to change your thoughts if you want to succeed in your future. An assignment is a needful and an essential part of our education, and it’s better to adapt it instead of opposing it. It may be challenging to adjust the skills initially, so Edumanta brings you top-tutors and mentors who will guide You to solve your assignment. We provide a 24×7 service. We also have the facilities of online tutoring where you can ask your doubts regarding your assignment.
You can visit, and everything will be a cakewalk for you.

How to Write Good Assignment

12 Tips for writing a well scoring assignment?

“The deadline of this Assignment is tomorrow.”

This statement often haunts us with several questions.

  • How to complete it within time?
  • What to write, and how shall I proceed?
  • How to get good marks? etc

So don’t PANIC. We will provide you some excellent tips to score well in your assignment. Read this carefully until the last line if you want to make a beautiful impression towards your teacher and improve your grades.

Before Starting

    “You start, and you move one step towards success.”

 1. Read the question carefully

        It often happens that the question is a bit tricky to confuse the students, so do some reading from other resources similar to your assignment to gain valuable insights into the topic

2. Check the deadline and plan your schedule

Stick posts in your calendar or use any app that can add a “countdown” to your phone.

      Try to break this entire time into manageable chunks and try scheduling smaller deadlines; this helps you to nullify any extra delay in the meantime

3.Plan the overall structure or backbone

      Make a prototype of your assignment which will include the key points

4. Ask for help if You need

     Don’t shy to ask your tutor for any doubts. It’s better to clarify it at the start than to re-write in the last few days

While Writing


   Your first paragraph should introduce your key argument and critical aspects of the question. This is an integral part of your assignment-“First impression is the last impression.”

6. Frame Your argument

 while writing the body provide statistical evidence or empirical results to support your case.

7. Make sure to use a formal tone and correct words

   Every university, school, college has its style guide. It would be best if you always used a neutral and professional tone while writing an assignment. Slangs and colloquial language should be avoided

8. Don’t beat around the bush

   It’s a common tendency of students to fill the gap with rubbish. That should not be the case.”To the point,” answers are always better than an irrelevant voluminous answer. If You want you can add figures or mathematical plots relevant to your answer


     Your conclusion has to take a definite stand and summarize all your argument leaving the last impression to your reader

After Finishing

10. Make sure you have answered all of the questions

   Sometimes it happens that the students overlook and miss certain sub-questions or any extension of a particular question. Read each paragraph, assess whether it answers the question, and check whether it contributes to your overall argument

11. Check and double-check your spelling and word counts if mentioned

  Spelling mistakes give a terrible impression, and sometimes it may eclipse your central concept. So you can turn on your spell-checker and your word count too to keep a track

12. Give references to get rid of plagiarism

   References should be along the guideline provided by your institute and avoid blindly “copy-pasting” the stuff.

So it’s challenging to nurture these skills and to apply it on your own. EduManta provides you with the top-tutor who will guide you in completing your assignment. If you have forgotten to start your homework and need to submit as soon as possible, then EduManta is the savior. It has a 24×7 service and can also provide you the best solution for your assignment even at the 11th hour and guarantees the answer to be plagiarism-free. We offer affordable services and timely delivery. We are very much authentic and won’t take the remuneration until and unless you get good marks.

“Investment in Education pays the best Interest.”

So if You want to apply these skills and to get good marks in your assignment. Then visit

Online Essay Writing Help

        Guide on how to write good essays

In the 21st Century, the students’ workload is increasing, and study hours are on the increase to cover the syllabus. Students are pressurized to mug-up stuff, and they are losing their creativity to “think out of the box.” So, essay writing has become a daunting affair for most of us, but essay writing is not only comfortable but also a beautiful part of our education. Since “Nothing listens as well as a blank page.”

So don’t WORRY. We will provide you some excellent tips to write a good essay. Read this carefully until the last line to be a good writer.

Before You Begin

1.pick a topic and do some research

   Read some article or books relevant to your subject to have a better grasp and highlight the keywords in the question so that you won’t deviate from it

2. Write an outline

    The outline should be like mentioned below and make separate paragraphs for each.

  • Introduction and thesis statement
  • Body 
  • Conclusion

Expert tips!

  “The best way to sketch the outline is to throw ‘wh’ questions to the topic.”

After starting

3.Create a thesis statement

  It would be best if you told the reader about the purpose of your essay. It must state the topic and the main argument, and it should act as the “steering” of your essay


  Make the introduction fascinating by using relevant quotes or dialogues. It should be exciting to capture the attention of the reader. Don’t make it too long and dull since “The first impression is the last impression.”


 This is the central part of your essay that you are supposed to explain, describe, or argue. Here You should write the main ideas, each in separate paragraphs.

 Expert tips!

  • Don’t beat around the bush
  • Don’t deviate from the topic
  • Don’t sway to and fro in case of an argumentative topic.
  • Don’t use fancy words if you are not confident.
  • Use quotes, statistical details, and evidence to look more matured
  • Cite every reference along with the quotes


  This is an essential part and gives you a chance to sum up, your ideas. Your conclusion has to take a definite stand and summarize all your arguments, leaving the last impression to your reader. Don’t add any extra details or introduce any new ideas. Keep it short in 4-5 lines.

After You Finish

     Before You submit your final essay, make sure the format is correct. Read each paragraph, assess whether it answers the question, and check whether it contributes to your overall argument.Check and double-check your spelling and word counts(if mentioned). Spelling mistakes give a terrible impression, and sometimes it may eclipse your central concept. So you can turn on your spell-checker and your word count too to keep a track.

So it’s challenging to nurture these skills and to apply it on your own. EduManta provides online essay help. Before starting your journey of writing a good essay, we ensure that the appropriate writer is ready for essay writing. We offer a 24×7 service and guarantees the composition to be 100% plagiarism-free. If you need it, we can also assist you with a part of your essay. 

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Econometrics Assignment help


Answer all questions from this section

1. Consider the following regression model

Yi = Xi + ui , i = 1; :::; n:

The error term has a zero mean, variance equal to  2=X2 i ; and E (uiuj ) = 0 for i 6= j: You are given a sample of observations f(Yi ; Xi)g n i=1. You may treat Xi as being non-stochastic. Clearly annotating your answers:

(a) (5 marks) Derive the OLS estimator of : In the presence of heteroskedasticity, the OLS estimator remains unbiased (you are not asked to show this). Derive the variance of the OLS estimator of . (b)

(3 marks) Discuss how you can obtain the Best Linear Unbiased Estimator (BLUE) of given the heteroskedasticity.

2. Consider the simple linear regression model

Yi = + Xi + ui , i = 1; :::; n

in the presence of correlation between the error and regressor. The regressor exhibits variability in the sample, i.e., Pn i=1(Xi X) 2 6= 0: Under assumptions of homoskedasticity and the absence of autocorrelation, the IV estimator of that uses the instrument Z has the following (asymptotic) variance (no need to prove this statement)

V ar  ^ IV  =  2 P u n i=1(Xi X) 2 1 r 2 XZ ;

where rXZ 6= 0 is the sample correlation between X and Z and  2 u is the variance of the disturbance term u.

(a) (1 marks) Give the formula for ^ IV (you are not asked to derive it).

(b) (4 marks) Provide at least three factors that will help obtain more precise IV parameter estimates for : In your answer explain why the precision of parameter estimates is important.

(c) (3 marks) Discuss the following statement: “If X is not correlated with u; the best choice of instrument is using the regressor itself

Econometrics Assignment help

  1. You  are interested in the extent to which removing the option of paid childcare  has affected the share of time mothers compared to fathers spend with their children. The economic and health response to the pandemic has caused job losses, increased telecommuting, closed day care and schools, and placed state restrictions on in-home paid childcare – all   of which may have affected the bargaining dynamic between parents in deciding how much time to spend caring for their children. The American Time Use Survey provides nationally representative estimates of how and with whom Americans spend their time, including hours spent on paid work and childcare. It is an annual cross-sectional survey asked during weeks when school is typically in session that is linked to the Current Population Survey (demographic questions were asked several months before the Time Use questions), thus you can observe demographic information and family relationships.

You have data from 2015-2019 and will have data in 2020 next year. You are crafting your econometric specification. Prior to 2020, all states allowed paid in-home care and had schools open. As of the time of the survey in 2020, all states had closed schools (shutdown of  physical buildings and in-person instruction) but there was state variation in allowing paid in-home care for children less than 6 years old. That is, some, but not all, states deemed in-home childcare essential when stay-at-home orders went into effect in 2020 such that the availability of paid in-home care depended on the state you lived in. You  want  to learn  the effect of disallowing paid childcare and closing schools on spousal allocation of childcare hours as measured by y, the ratio of hours mother spent on childcare to hours father spent on childcare. For example, y = 1 when mothers and fathers spent the same amount of time on childcare and y = 1.5 when mothers spent 50% more than fathers.

You restrict your sample to opposite sex, married couples with children where both parents worked in the prior year and both parents report positive hours of childcare.1 You can observe the following variables for each couple:

1For simplicity, we exclude all couples with first responders, like health care workers, for whom special rules applied in the state stay-at-home orders.

yit = hours mother spent on childcare divided by hours father spent in couple in year t

 x1it =1 if wife in couple i in year t is currently working for pay, 0 otherwise

x2it =wife’s paid work hours last week reported in year t for couple i

x3it =1 if husband in couple i in year t is currently working for pay, 0 otherwise

x4it =husband’s paid work hours last week reported in year for couple i   x5it =1 if couple i has a child under 6 years old in year t, 0 otherwise              x6it =1 if couple i’s youngest child is 6-17 years old in year t, 0 otherwise

x7i =1 if wife in couple i has years of education = husband’s, 0 otherwise

x8i =1 if wife in couple i has years of education > husband’s, 0 otherwise

x9i =age of husband – age of wife

x10i =1 if wife’s occupation is teaching, 0 otherwise

x11i =1 if husband’s occupation is teaching, 0 otherwise

pandemict =1 if year is after pandemic hit (2020 or later), 0 otherwise

notavailit =1 if paid in-home childcare was NOT available for couple i in year t, 0 otherwise

Let’s simply refer to the effect of removing the option of paid childcare on the ratio of mother’s to father’s hours of childcare as the treatment effect of interest: TE.

  • Since some but not all states allow paid in-home childcare in 2020 at the time of the survey,  you  could  estimate  TE  with  αˆ3  by  running  ordinary  least  squares  using  only 2020 data with the following specification:

                                                                                                                                              yˆ = αˆ0 + αˆ1x5i + αˆ2x6i + αˆ3(notavaili x5i) + αˆ4x7i + αˆ5x8i + αˆ6x9i

  1. 4  points  Interpret αˆ3.
  1. 4  points  Interpret αˆ5.
  1. 5 points Do you think all of the necessary assumptions hold for αˆ3 to be an unbiased estimator for TE? Explain your reasoning.
    1. 4 points Instead, you assume that

E[y|X] = β0 + β1x5it + β2x6it + β3(notavailit x5it) + β4(pandemict x6it) Interpret β3.

  • 6 points If you ran an ols regression based on the specification above, what type of estimator is βˆ3?  And what assumptions are necessary for βˆ3  to be unbiased?
  • 4 points Compare the advantages and disadvantages of the two potential ordinary least squares estimators for TE: βˆ3  from the specification above and γˆ3 from assuming

E[y|X] = γ0+γ1x5it+γ2x6it+γ3(notavailitx5it)+γ4(pandemictx6it)+γ5x1it+γ6x2it+γ7x3it+γ8x4it

  • 4 points The treatment effect of removing the option of paid childcare may be different for families where one of the parents is themselves a teacher. How would you suggest modifying your specification and why?
  • 20 points To complete the Master of Science in Economics at a University, students must complete the core Economics course and one of the four advanced econometrics courses, among other requirements. Students receiving a B- or better on their final course grade receive credit for the course, while students with a C+ or below do not receive credit. Instructors of the core Econometrics course calculate a final number score for the course with cutoff values for assigning the letter grades. Failing to receive credit for a course that you attended and paid tuition for can be discouraging possibly affecting your enthusiasm for the subject matter. However, sucessfully retaking a course you struggled in may boost your confidence and enthusiasm. Suppose that you were interested in estimating the Treatment Effect of receiving a passing grade on the number of advanced econometric courses taken.

Let x0 be the cutoff value for receiving a B- in a core Econometrics course. You observe for each student:

yi =number of advanced econometrics courses student i enrolled in

x1i=core Econometrics course score for student i

x2i=fraction of students failed by student i’s core Econometrics instructor

x3i=student i’s mean GPA (excluding econometrics courses)

x4i=1 if student i received an A in their Statistics class, 0 otherwise

x5i=1 if student i took Mathematical Methods for Economists, 0 otherwise

  • 4 points To estimate the average treatment effect of receiving a passing grade on number of advanced econometrics courses taken, would you use a sharp or fuzzy Regression Discontinuity design? Explain.
  • 4 points Write down your model specification to estimate the average treatment effect.
  • 6 points Describe two graphical tests that would be important to perform and explain why.
  • 6 points How would you design your falsification test? Explain why you chose it.
  • 24 points Suppose that your goal was to estimate the effect of education on weekly hours worked for individuals approaching retirement. Assume that education is exogenous. The data set includes men over the age of 50 but less than 60 years old.
  • Suppose the data set includes a categorical variable that equals 1 if the man works 0  hours (that is,  does not work),  2 if he works more than 0 but less than 35 hours per  week, and 3 if he works more than 35 hours per week. There are no missing values.
    • 4 points Which is the appropriate econometric model?
  1. 4 points Explain why you chose this model.
  1. 4 points Write the log likelihood function implied by your model choice.
  • Instead, suppose that you had the actual number of hours worked per week (e.g. 0,1,2,. . .) and you observe that a substantial share of men don’t work at all (have 0 hours of work).
    • 4 points Which is the appropriate econometric model?
  1. 4 points Explain why you chose this model.
  1. 4 points Write the log likelihood function implied by your model choice.

Assignment help for M. Sc. Finance

CFA Research Report Rubric

Business Description:  Max points 5

Did team address the major components of the company’s business strategy?  Was each operating segment covered? What does the business do? What is the growth of the business? Who their customers (end users) and what is their condition? Make sure you cover each business unit.  Make sure you cover each region of business. Maybe: the major shareholders here.

This section of the report sets the baseline for the rest of the report. Make sure we study each business section and each geographical market in detail. Try to determine where and (if) growth is coming from.

We will use a levered beta for each business segment and ERP for each business region. We will determine weights. 

Industry Overview and Competitive Positioning:  Max points 15

What are the macro trends impacting the business? Discuss how the company is positioned globally and discuss the global environment for growth? What are the factors affecting the industry and how do they impact the target company? What is the overall market growth rate? Who are the company’s main competitors? How is this company different than their competitors? What is the power of suppliers? What is the power of the end-users? Does the company have any competitive advantage? Must show peer analysis. What are the industry drivers and industry structure? A very detailed discussion of the companies competitive positioning should be placed here (not in the investment summary). A strong discussion of industry factors and trends is needed here. Where does company fit? How fragmented is the industry? Locate both public and private competitors.  What is the source of the company’s or industry’s value?  What factors drive the industry? Really, understand how the business runs.

How does this company differential itself?  How does that add value? Talk about the company’s peers. Where does company fit?  Porter 5 forces and SWOT.

Investment Summary: Max points 20

This section must tie in to all others and must really support the buy or sell opinion.  Why did we use what we used?  Why does company trade at a discount or premium to the market multiples?  It the market wrong.  Will their historical multiple change? Why? We really need to have a “why” for each item.  Never use a DCF and market multiple exit together.  One or the other.  This section, and the next two, has the highest maximum points on the rubric. Great detail is needed on these three sections. The team must address and justify its buy (outperform or overweight), hold (neutral), or sell (underperform or underweight). Somewhere in this paper I would like to define our view of what a buy, sell, or hold means. Detail! Did we address and forecast changes in gross profit margin, operating profit margin, interest expense, tax rate, dividend policy, share buyback policy, capital expenditures, research and development spending, management changes, and mergers and acquisition possibilities? Is this a good company? Is this a good stock? Differentiate between these two positions. This could be a good spot to mention risks. Don’t just list the risks; try to quantify the probability and the impact of occurrence. Use and incorporate managements language from their earnings calls. What is management’s guidance for revenue and EPS; does our estimate deviate from management? Why?  Fewer inputs are better, no black box.  What are the key drivers?

Valuation: Max points 20

According to Aswath Damodaran the big three in valuation is 1) capacity to generate cash flows 2) expected growth rate of these cash flows and 3) uncertainty of these cash flows. Must model long-term organic growth given recent business trends. What are the weights of each valuation method; how did the team determine the weights. Must have a relative value valuation, a discounted cash flow valuation, and a PE multiple valuations. If applicable, team could use a sum of the parts valuation or an under value asset valuation. Must have multiple pricing models to improve the target price and valuation. Must show intrinsic value in our one-year price target to justify our buy, sell, hold. Show multiple methodologies! Discuss WACC. What is the consensus estimates? How does our estimate relate?  Do we value company with a higher P/E multiply than the street? Why? When using a DCF model do not have a terminal growth rate greater than the risk free rate. Some companies may grow at a faster rate long run than the risk-free rate but it is infrequent. Lower the risk rate during the terminal growth period.  Betas tend to run towards 1 in the long run. Also think about changing the debt weightings during the terminal period to a more traditional waiting. When working with beta we can use historical information, but it might be better to use some other forward-looking beta estimate. We could use a sector average or we could look at each business segment and assign a beta to each segment and use a weighted average. What are the company’s historical PE multiples. Compare the historical PEs to the S&P and to the sector. Doesn’t typically price at a PE multiple premium or discount? Where does it stand now? Describe how you determine the weights when using several valuation methods. For relative valuation I would like to see current PE, forward PE, price-to-book, enterprise value to EBITDA, and enterprise value to sales compared to the target companies competitors and peers. We should consider using the median value instead of the average or show both. We should consider throwing out outliers, but discussing our rationale. Intuitively, firms with higher growth rates, less risk, and greater cash flow potential should trade at higher multiples. Does our company justify a higher or lower multiple than the averages? In the simplest discounted cash flow model for equity which is stable growth dividend discount model, the value of equity is: Po = D1/k – g . Dividing both sides by net income (E) we obtain the discounted cash flow equation specifying the PE ratio for the stable growth firm. The key determinants of the P/E ratio are the expected growth rate in earnings per share, the cost of equity, and the payout ratio. All things remaining equal, we would expect higher growth, lower risk, and higher payout ratio firms to trade at higher multiples of earnings and firms without these characteristics. 

For relative valuation can we look at the companies PEG ratio versus its peers or sector? The key to relative valuation is finding comparable firms and adjusting for differences between the firms on growth, risk, and cash flows.

I would love to come up with a regression analysis with a macro-variable.  Multivariate regression model (etc. P/E should be x based on ROE, P/B,) for relative valuation. 

Smoothed or normalized earnings to account for cyclicality.

Are there unutilized or underutilized assets?  Add values because they do not show up in DCF.  Underfunded pension liability? Option values? If our intrinsic valuation is significantly off the market price, we really need to have a justification.  Monty-Carlo simulation on macro factors.  Always site references.  Dividends, share repurchase, acquisitions, cap-ex, R&D, debt pay down, what are they doing with cash? How does that effect price and value?  Is this good or bad?

Calculate ROC EBIT (1-t)/ BV of debt + BV of equity – cash.  What is ROC – WACC?  Is it positive?  That is the company’s competitive advantage.  Where do these excess returns come from?  Adjust ROC and BV for research and development costs; capitalize R&D.  Did the company have write-offs?  Write-offs will improve ROC; it will be overstated.  Take write-offs out. Goodwill may understate ROC; try to adjust.  Make sure leases are in book value of debt.

Was the last year’s EBIT a one-time event? Can we normalize EBIT?

Does the company take on good projects? This is the key to success with their future reinvestments. In 1/3 of all companies, ROC is less than WACC.  1/3 ROC = WACC and 1/3 ROC > WACC.  Do not be overwhelmed if ROC = < WACC. Remember, ROC is an accounting number. Is the accounting is misleading?

DCF.  Capital expenditures, acquisitions adjusted research and development and changes in working capital are cash outflows. Depreciation and amortization are cash inflows.

Capex depreciation analogy, calories consumed vs. calories burned off.

Cost of debt.  Try to create a synthetic rating using interest coverage ratio and NYU page.  Then apply appropriate spread.  Always use market values for equity and debt.

Financial Analysis: Max points 20

Be consistent. What do financial ratios mean for the business? How do they compare to the competitors? (Without comparing to competitors ratios are meaningless) Compare ratios to companies past; is there a trend? Looking for what the future holds. Ratio analysis must be compared to peers and the company’s trend. What is the financial model and scenario analysis? Monte Carlo simulation? Make sure to model of future financing needs.  Really, need to put it all together here. Peers? Did were spend enough time segments?

Investment Risks: Max points 15

The team should highlight all risks including risks other than economic, such as political, operational, and execution. Interest rate risk, leverage risk, integration risk, and risk of management change are crucial to this section. Also, cover inflation risk such as the company’s input costs and if the company would be able to cover this cost by raising prices.  Explain each risk the industry faces and how it effects company.  How serious is this risk (high, med, low).  Try to get something in each section of the rubric that is not in the standard 10-k filing.

Credit, liquidity, strategic, operational risks.

A failure to integrate acquisitions successfully. Pricing pressure from large customers. Rising interest rates. Macro – headwinds. Unfavorable regulatory policies. Unfunded pension liabilities – pension fund spending.

Corporate Governance: Max points 5

Describe and highlight the board structure in executive compensation. Try to do an analysis on how “good” the company’s corporate governance actually is. Discuss structure, independence and compensation of the board. Try to include an external metric on risk.  Are they better or worse than peers are?  Does this help or hurt valuation? ESG.  Any major changes here? How does change impact valuation?

Oral presentation

Try to have all members provide some answers. Be very prepared to talk about the company’s competitors. Stay on time!  Example: we mentioned that MTB had a good corporate governance policy.  They asked, “Is it better than their peer group?” They then asked, “How does that add valve to stock?”


What company acquisitions were good and bad? Were they accretive or dilutive? Were estimated synergies accomplished?

What is the company’s dividend policy? Do you see this changing going forward?  How about buy backs?

What are the company’s competitors how is their performance?

How does the currency exchange rate impact the company? How would a change in the exchange rate impact the company? Is currency exchange listed in the risk section?

Is management confident?

Does the company allocate capital correctly?

What is the company’s competitive advantage?

How much money does the company have in other countries?

Assignment Help for Business Plan

Part I: Written Business Plan should be no more than 10 pages in length, excluding appendices.

The plan should carefully follow the outlines provided in the sample.

Part I of your business plan should include the following:

  1. Title Page
  2. Table of Contents (include in Part II)
  3. Executive Summary (include in Part II)
  4. Vision and mission statement
  5. Keys to Success
  6. Company Overview/ Summary
  7. Company Ownership
  8. Company Locations and Facilities
  9. Products and/or Services
  10. Competitive Comparison
  11. Future Product and/or Service Opportunities
  12. Market Analysis Summary
  13. Market Segmentation
  14. Market Needs
  15. Website Marketing Strategy
  16. SWOT Analysis

 The Written Business Plan should be carefully written, clear and logical in its presentation.

A sample of a Business Plan is located in the next document.

Criteria:Possible ScoreTitle Page – 5 pointsTable of Contents – 5 pointsCompany Description, Vision, Mission, and Keys to Success (Objectives) – 25 points
Organization – 25 pointsDescription of Products and Services – 30 pointsDefinition of the Market – 30 pointsMarketing Strategy – 30 points

Part II, written business plan, should be no more than 5-7 pages in length, excluding appendices.

The plan should follow carefully the outlines provided in the sample. Part II of your business plan should include the following:

  1. Sales Forecast (table format)
  2. Organizational Structure
  3. Competitive Edge
  4. Marketing Strategy
  5. Breakeven Analysis
  6. Projected Profit and Loss (table format)
  7. Projected Cash Flow (Cash Flow Forecast table format)
  8. Projected Balance Sheet (table format)       

The business plan should be carefully written, clear and logical in its presentation.

A sample of a Business Plan Part II is located in the next document.

You will also find a copy of the grading sheet for the Business Plan Part II.

Possible ScoreExecutive Summary – 20 pointsOrganization & Management – 30 pointsSales Strategy – 40 pointsFinancial Management – New Business – 60 points

Advanced Studies in Econometrics

ECON 8820: Advanced Studies in Econometrics

You may work in groups on the assignment, but you must write up your own answers in your own words.
See the course profile for information on the due date of this assignment and penalties for late submission.

  1. Suppose that U is uniformly distributed on [0, 1] and X is continuously distributed as some distribution
    FX(·). Show that Y := F
    X (U) is also distributed as FX(·). (Or, X ∼ Y , i.e., X and Y are

distributionally equivalent.)
(Answer) You may start from the definition of the CDF. Here is an alternative method that uses the
change of variables. Let g(U) := F
X (U). Then, g
(Y ) = FX(Y ) and ∂g−1
∂y = fX(y). So,

fY (y) = 1(FX(y) ∈ [0, 1]) · fX(y)

on y ∈ Y, which is the support of X

  1. The dataset D in the matlab data file dataHW2.mat contains information on T = 50 markets, each with
    J = 5 differentiated products. The first column indicates each market t = 1, . . . , T, the second column
    indicates each product j = 1, . . . , J. The third column shows market share Sjt for all (j, t). The fourth
    to seventh columns are observed characteristics xj = [1, xj1, xj2, xj3], which vary across products but
    not across markets. The eighth is the price pjt. The other columns, say zjt, collect all the variables,
    including xj , that are correlated with the price but not correlated with unobserved characteristics ξjt.

Consumer i’s utility of purchasing product j in market t is represented as

uijt = x
jβit + αitpjt + ξjt + εijt

and we assume that consumer i chooses one (and only one) product (including the outside option that
gives utility ui0t = εi0t) that gives the largest utility in market t. Assume that {εijt} are i.i.d with the
type I extreme value distribution so that the probability of consumer i of choosing j is

Pijt =

jβit + αitpjt + ξjt)
1 + PJ
̃j=1 exp(x
βit + αitp ̃jt + ξ ̃jt)

where pjt and ξjt are potentially correlated, but the dataset does not have ξjt. Assume that

iid∼ N (μ, Σ)

across all i and t where μ is a 5 dimensional vector and Σ is a 5 ×5 symmetric positive definite matrix.
Using the BLP method, estimate the structural parameter θ := {μ, Σ}.
For this exercise:
• Report optimal GMM estimates for every element in μ and Σ.
• You do not need to report standard errors, but discuss in detail how you would compute them.
• Use a tight tolerance, e.g., 1e-13, for the inner loop (fixed point), and use a sufficiently large
number of iterations for the outer loop (evaluation of the GMM objective function)
• Employ 1,000 draws for the simulation of the random coefficients (β

it, αit), using the same ran-
domness for every iteration of the outer loop.

• Comment your codes in detail.
• Submit your codes.

Brookings Institute

Assignment 4 – Brookings Institute

You are an analyst at the Brookings Institution, a non-profit, non-partisan think tank that conducts public policy research and provides policy recommendations to governments. The Institution has several divisions, each focusing on different areas of economic and social policy, and each division produces a series of policy briefs (one per quarter) You are part of the division that focuses on (choose from list topic areas, below) and your boss has asked each member of your team to suggest one topic for next quarter’s policy brief. You will have two minutes to present your idea at a staff meeting [note that for most people, it would take about two minutes to read aloud 400 words]. Your assignment is only to suggest a general topic, not to write the full brief. That is, the primary objective of your presentation is to give the rest of the staff an idea of why this topic warrants further research for the full brief. It is typical to have at least one chart, diagram or graph on the front page of each policy brief so to help explain your topic, you should collect the relevant data and create a graphic that can be presented at the meeting.

Additional instructions: Go to the website for the Statistical Abstract of the United States to find your data ( Use the raw data to prepare a graph or chart (not a table). Your chart should be labeled and titled appropriately; that is, identify variables, units of measurement or time, etc. The chart should be integrated into your presentation (i.e., incorporate discussion of the data with reference to the chart, don’t just tack on the chart at the end); however, graphics should always be able to stand alone as well so be sure that you have a title that is sufficiently descriptive. Although this is an oral presentation, you will need to submit the written text of your presentation (along with the graphic). The text should address the Who-What-Where-When-Why-How issues.

If the Statistical Abstract does not provide data appropriate for your topic, you may need to choose a different topic. You must submit your basic topic for approval prior to writing the brief.

Topic areas:




Income and poverty

Foreign commerce

Labor force

Law and security


Social insurance and health services

Evaluation criteria

I will focus on the following specific areas when grading:

  1. Argument. Have you clearly and objectively made a good case for further investigation of this topic?
  2. Graphic. Is the graphic clear, appropriate and self-sufficient? Is it well-integrated with the text?
  3. Voice. Is the tone and style appropriate for this audience? Is jargon appropriate and explained as necessary?
  4. Overall clarity. Are ideas clearly expressed? Any problems with basic writing (spelling, grammar, punctuation) should be fixed before grading (more than two or three typos and your paper will be returned without a grade). I will be evaluating the readability, clarity, and style of the paper overall.